70 percent of the earth’s surface is covered in water, but fresh water that can be used by living terrestrial species constitutes only 2.8 percent. In recent decades, their availability has been decreasing. We are talking about water access
The shortage of water is due to the increase in the world population, climate change, pollution, domestic, industrial and agricultural waste.
ACCESS TO WATER
In the last 50 years, the withdrawal of water has tripled, dramatically accentuating the differences in access to water resources
An African farmer, for example, has twenty liters a day compared to a real daily requirement of 50 litres. In developed countries, daily consumption exceeds one hundred litres
ITALY AND AFRICA
Italians use a quantity of water 10 times higher than the real requirement. In poor countries, however, the high cost of supply and distribution technologies often hinders access to drinking water
Today it is estimated that one and a half billion people in the world do not have access to drinking water. According to the UN in 2020 the water deficit affected 22 percent of the population involving 48 countries
For the control of access to water resources necessary for the survival of the populations, in different areas of the world water wars could arise
Much can be done to solve the world’s water problem. Like building water wells in Africa or, in general, adopting systems that allow the populations of the poorest countries in the world to have a safe source of water available.
Thanks to distance adoption, you too can contribute to solving this problem. To obtain drinking water one often has to face a long journey, even 4-5 hours a day with many dangers
Be a responsible and informed citizen.