Frantz Fanon, psychiatrist and anthropologist native of Martinique, died on December 6, 1961, over 60 years ago. Frantz Fanon wrote “black-skinned Binche masks” hoping it would help the de-alienation of our people.
In this book, he explains the powerful effects of colonialism on life in the 20th century.He examines the impact of colonialism on whites and blacks in colonized regions and colonizing countries. Additionally, he shows that the legacy of colonialism continues to determine how people live in reality in the present.
Secondly, Fanon argues that colonization strips people of their culture, identity, and often also the sense of their existence, leaving them in profound alienation.
Thirdly, alienation is stripping oneself of what one is, for instant depriving one’s culture, identity, language, and religion to wear the identity of others. Alienation can be seen primarily from an economic, spiritual, and cultural point of view.
If colonization has stripped Africa of what it is culture and identity, language and religiosity. The time has come to abandon this alienation: returning to one’s origins and identity by accepting oneself, and respecting what we are by embracing one’s own culture.
He formulated a model for community psychology. Many mental-health patients would do better if they were integrated into their families and community instead of being treated with institutionalized care. He also helped found the field of institutional psychotherapy while working at Saint-A.